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Uyghuristan at a Glance

Land Size:

1,828,418 square kilometers, which includes the Tarim Basin, Junggar Basin, and Kengsu.  The “Uyghur Autonomous Region”, consisting of the Tarim and Junggar Basin makes up the bulk of Uyghuristan, consisting of 1,664,845 square kilometers. Kengsu (annexed into Gansu and Qinghai Provinces by Chinese forces in the 1940s) makes up 163, 573 square kilometers. Roughly 2.65 times the size of the US State of Texas, 3 times the size of France, and equivalent to the size of North Sudan.

Situated along the fabled ancient Silk Road, it has been a prominent center of commerce for more than 2000 years. The land of Uyghuristan gave birth to many great civilizations and at various points of history, it has been a cradle of scholarship, culture and power.

Uyghuristan borders with China and Mongolia to the east, Russia to the north, Kazakhstan, Kyrgyzstan, Tajikistan, Afghanistan, Pakistan and India to the west, and Tibet to the south.

Uyghuristan has a rich history and diverse geography. It has grand deserts, magnificent mountains, and beautiful rivers, grasslands and forests.

Political Status:

Occupied country (since December 22, 1949) and without United Nations’ Representation.


China and its occupation forces stated that the total Uyghur and other Turkic population of Uyghuristan is 13.5 million as of 2015. However, other sources estimate that the total Uyghur and other Turkic population of Uyghuristan is anywhere from 20 to 25 million (with the majority being Uyghurs, the other Turkic populations include the Kazakh, Kyrgyz, Uzbek, and Tatars.

Major Rivers:

Tarim, Ertish (Irtysh in Kazakhstan and Russia), Illi, Konchi (Kaidu), Ulungur (Bulgan in Mongilia), Qaraqash, Yarkand (also known as Zarafshan), and Manas.

Native Wildlife:

Caspian tiger (now extinct), Eurasian lynx, Snow leopard, Eurasian gray wolf, sable, wolverine, Prezwalski’s horse,  Altai wapiti (elk), Tengri Tagh wapiti (elk),  Bactrian deer, Yarkand deer, Central Asian red deer, Saiga antelope, Marco Polo Sheep, Yak, Bactrian camel, Eurasian beaver, Eurasian red squirrel, Dzungarian hamster, Yarkand hare, Eurasian water vole, Eurasian spoonbill, Central Asian salamander,  Big-head schizothoracin, and the Lenok (Asiatic trout).


Agriculture, animal husbandry, light industry, and trade.

Natural Resources:

Land, biological resources, petroleum, natural gas,  gold, silver, coal, uranium, copper, nickel, lead, zinc, asbestos, sylvite, limestone, gems, and jade. 

Literacy Rate:

90% prior to removal of native Turkic (Uyghur, Kazakh, Kyrgyz) language classes. It is now estimated to be around 40%.